The Future Tense - Free english lesson
Chapter The means of expressing future and the Conditional


In order to form the future, we use the modals « will » or « shall ».

The modal « will »
« Will » is the modal most frequently used in order to turn a sentence into the future.

In order to form the Future Tense, we conjugate « will » and then we add a verb.
He will go to high school next year.
He will be there.


We use the modal « will » in order to form the negative of a verb in the future.
He won't come back.
I won't watch that movie.


We use the modal « will » in order to form the interrogative in the future.
Will he stay for dinner?
Will you be there?


In order to simplify the spelling, there are the following contractions :
I will ou I shall → I'll
You will → You'll
He will → He'll
We will ou We shall → We'll
They will → They'll

The modal « shall »
The modal « shall » can replace « will » at the first person singular or plural. We use « shall » in an accurate language.
I shall be released in june.
We shall remember this day.


Will be + ing
Will be + ing indicates an action in progress, taking place in the future.
Next Sunday, he will be drinking a cocktail on Miami beach.

The Present Tense Simple
We can use The Present Tense Simple to express a future action. A time indication must be perceived in the sentence (date, hour, moment of the day,…).
His flight arrives at 8 p.m.
We leave Paris tomorrow.

We also use Present Tense Simple in the interrogative form.
Can you help me tomorrow?

The Present Tense Continuous
Like in the case of The Present Tense Simple, we add a time indication in the sentence to underline future reference.
He's coming home this afternoon.
He's having a business dinner tonight.


Be going to + verb
Be going to + verb expresses an intention.
He is going to make the barbecue.
She is going to quit her job.


We also use Be going to + verb in order to express a conviction.
It's going to rain.
He's going to lose.


In order to ask a person about his /her intentions, we can use « be going to + verb » in the interrogative form.
Are you going to move out?

Be to + verb or Be about to + verb
Be to + verb indicates a future action that was previously established.
The queen is to visit Paris.
He is to release his new album next summer.


Be to + verb can also express an order.
You are to quit this party.

Be about to + verb indicates an action on the verge of taking place.
The game is about to start.

The Future Perfect
The Future Perfect describes an action that must take place in the future.
The Future Perfect is formed using « will » or « shall », followed by « have » and by a verb in the past participle. We generally use « by » in the sentences with future perfect in order to introduce a complement indicating a moment or a date.
He will have finished by tomorrow.
I will have eaten my meal by 10 minutes.



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