The verb « to be » - Free english lesson
Chapter The verbs: to be, to have, to do


be + ing
« Be » can be used as an auxiliary for a verb ending in ing. « Be + ing » describes an action in progress.
He's doing his homework.
He was running when it started to rain.


be to + verb
« be to + verb » expresses an action that is supposed to happen.
Steven Gerrard is to leave Liverpool this summer.
The queen is to visit France.


be + adjective
Followed by an adjective, the verb « to be » is the equivalent of the verb « to have ».
He is thirsty.
He is twelve years old.


Disposition or physical state
« Be » can indicate disposition or physical state.
She is ill.
He is very tall.
It's very cold.


There is/are
« Be » can be used as a way of introducing objects, persons and beings.
There are two cars in my garage.
There is a bird in the cherry tree.


Passive voice
« Be » is used in order to form passive voice.
This table is made of wood.
He was sentenced to jail.


Contractions
Whenever the verb « to be » is conjugated, it may contract as follows :
I am → I'm
You are → You're
He/She is → He's / She's
We are → We're
They are → They're
is not → isn't
are not → aren't
was not → wasn't
were not → weren't


Progress in english with the story of the Lacoste family.
1 episode, 10 questions, 1 correction :