Some exceptions - Free english lesson
Chapter The number of nouns




Certain nouns take a different mark of the plural in writing (a more complex ending) mainly those ending in the singular with a consonant followed by :
- the letter « y »
- the letter « o »
- the letters « f » or « fe »

Examples :
My baby is wearing shoes. (singular)
My babies are wearing shoes. (plural) [iz]

Your brother is a hero. (singular)
Your brothers are heroes. (plural) [z]

Look at this dead leaf. (singular)
Look at these dead leaves. (plural) [vz]

As for other nouns, the mark of the plural affects the whole word and involves a complete transformation of the main singular noun. There are about ten nouns in the same situation :

SINGULARPLURAL
a manmen
a womanwomen
a mousemice
a toothteeth
a footfeet
a goosegeese
a childchildren
a pennypence

Finally, some nouns have only a plural form and thus they are followed by a verb in the plural (some of them do not even take a final – s ), or on the contrary others have only a singular form (even if they take a final – s ) and are consequently followed by a verb in the singular.

Examples :
Your trousers are blue.
The common noun “trousers” has only a plural form and it is followed by a verb having a plural form such as “are”.

People are waiting for the bus.
The common noun “people” has also a plural form despite the absence of a final “s”, so it is followed by a verb in the plural “are waiting”.

Today, the news is interesting.
The common noun “news” has only a singular form despite the final “s”, thus it is followed by a verb in the singular “is”.

NOUNS HAVING ONLY A SINGULAR FORMNOUNS HAVING ONLY A PLURAL FORM
mathematics
economics
athletics
the news
the United States
the Netherlands
Wales
trousers
shorts
jeans
pyjamas
the police
the people
the cattle
the government
the audience
the family
the team
the crowd
glasses
clothes
the West Indies
the Maldives



Progress in english with the story of the Lacoste family.
1 episode, 10 questions, 1 correction :