The quantifiers - Free english lesson
Chapter The quantifiers

The quantifiers allow distinction of quantity without being by all means exact.

We use « no » in order to express negation.
I have no money.
There's no alternative.

Some is used to define a certain quantity.
John needs some money.
Some of them really need a bath.

When « some » is used in an interrogative sentence, this implies that the person questioned is likely to answer favorably.
May I have some tea?
In this sentence, we know that the person we ask the question has already some tea.

There are several compound pronouns formed with the help of « some » :
someone, somebody : quelqu'un
something : quelque chose
somewhere : quelque part

Like « some », « any » is used to indicate a certain quantity.

Contrary to « some », « any » introduces an indifferent note, meaning that we have no certainty of the answer.
Is there any problem?
Have you seen any spiders in my room?

We also use « any » in sentences with negative turning.
I don't need any help.

We use « any » only with uncountables (namely things that we are not capable of establishing the quantity) or with countable plurals.
Have you got any idea?
Have you got any pets?

On the contrary, we cannot say « Have you got any pet ? », because « pet » is countable singular.

There are several compound pronouns formed with the help of « any » :
anyone, anybody : quelqu'un
anything : quelque chose
anywhere : quelque part

Progress in english with the story of the Lacoste family.
1 episode, 10 questions, 1 correction :