The comparative - Free english lesson
Chapter The comparative and the superlative


It is used to compare two things or two persons. There are three forms of comparative.

The comparative of superiority

If it is a short (monosyllabic) adjective or an adjective formed of two syllables ending in –y, -er, -ow, the comparative of superiority is formed as follows: adjective + er + than
He is older than you.
He looks happier than his sister.


Attention: when the adjective of two syllables ends in –y, its ending of the comparative of superiority is –ier and not –er (happy ? happier)
When the adjective ends in a vowel followed by a single consonant, this is doubled in the comparative degree. (big ? bigger)

If it is a long adjective (two or three syllables), the comparative of superiority is formed in this manner : more + adjective + than
Peter is more handsome than his brother.
My aunt is more talkative than her husband.


The comparative of inferiority
The comparative of inferiority is formed in the following way : less + adjective + than
This computer is less expensive than yours.
She is less intelligent than her sister.


Comparison of equality
The comparison of equality is formed as follows : as + adjective + as 
Peter is as kind as Andrew.


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