The affirmative form - Free english lesson
Chapter Word order in simple sentences


As its name indicates, the affirmative sentence states a reality, expressing existence.
The affirmative sentence is formed as in French: subject + verb + object
I like chocolate. (J'aime le chocolat.)
(I → subject ; like → verb ; chocolate →object.)
She bought a car. (Elle a acheté une voiture.)
(She → subject, bought (passive form of the verb to buy) → verb, a car → object.)
My brother is very tall. (Mon frère est très grand.)
(My brother → subject, is → verb, very tall → subject complement.)

Basic rules :

To negative, interrogative and interrogative-negative forms :

- The auxiliaries (be, have, auxiliaries of modality) are conjugated without the auxiliary « do ».
Mr Morgan is at home.
Interrogative form : Is Mr Morgan at home ?
Negative form : Mr Morgan isn't at home.
Interrogative-negative form : Isn't Mr Morgan at home?

They are coming with us.
Interrogative form : Are they coming with us?
Negative form : They are not coming with us.
Interrogative-negative form : Aren't they coming with us?

- The usual verbs in present and past tense forms are conjugated with the auxiliary « do ».
Margaret plays the piano.
Interrogative form : Does Margaret play the piano ?
Negative form : Margaret does not play the piano.
Interrogative-negative form : Doesn't Margaret play the piano?

Remark: The usual verb « to do » is conjugated like the other verbs, with the auxiliary « do ».
I didn't do it on purpose.


Progress in english with the story of the Lacoste family.
1 episode, 10 questions, 1 correction :