The relative pronouns and prepositions - Free english lesson
Chapter The relative clause

« That » can be used instead of the above pronouns (whom, who, which) but only in a defining relative clause. It is more often omitted.

« Whose » (relative pronoun, noun complement) is used if the antecedent is animate and sometimes even inanimate because the constructions with « of which » are rare.
This is the girl whose brother works with Jane.
Is this the car whose rear-view mirrors were broken? Is this the car the rear-view mirrors of which were broken?

« Where » is used when the antecedent designates a place.
Paris is the city where I moved on last year.

« When » is used when the antecedent designates a moment.
I will always remember the day when I met him.

The pronoun « what » can take the meaning of « ce que… », « ce qui… ».
What I like most is pop music.

The pronouns ending in « ever » (whatever, whoever, wherever, whenever) add to each relative the idea of anything.
Whatever he says, he's wrong.
Wherever he goes, I will follow him.
Whoever calls at home, you must not answer.
She can leave whenever she likes!

Special cases
If the antecedent is object of a verb with preposition, the preposition is placed after the verb.
The man we talked to is a deputy.
The car we looked at is very fast.

Progress in english with the story of the Lacoste family.
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